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药膳有学问,不同体质,中药师教你如何下汤料!Body Constitutions and Its Medicinal Recipes


中医对人的体质分为9大类:第一是平和体质,第二是阳虚体质,第三是阴虚体质,第四是气血虚体质,第五是痰湿体质,第六是湿热体质,第七是气郁体质,第八是瘀血体质,第九是特禀体质。

Traditional Chinese Medicine divides human body into 9 constitutions: Neutral Constitution, Constitution of Qi Asthenia, Constitution of Yang Asthenia, Constitution of Yin Asthenia, Constitution of Phlegm and Dampness, Constitution of Damp-Heat, Constitution of Blood Stasis, Constitution of Qi Stagnation, and Special Constitution.


1. 湿热体质如何进补?Nourishing Constitution of Damp-Heat


湿热的体质是由气侯所决定的。一般气侯比较潮湿的话,体内就比较湿,表现出身体比较困乏,提不起精神来,有时口气也比较重。这里医生推荐用荷叶10克,薏苡仁30克煲水200-300ml当茶喝。煲汤的话,如木棉花土茯苓薏苡仁等清热化湿的药都可以选用。

Constitution of Damp-Heat is determined by the climate. Generally, if the climate is humid, the body is relatively damp, an individual will have a bitter or strange taste in mouth, fatigue or heaviness of the body. It is recommended using 10 grams of Lotus Leaf and 30 grams of Pearl Barley to boil 200-300ml of water as tea. As for soup, you can use Flos Bombacis Malabarici (Mu Mian Hua), Tuckahoe (Tu Fu Ling), Pearl Barley, etc. to clear the damp-heat.


2. 痰湿体质如何进补?Nourishing Constitution of Phlegm-Dampness


痰湿体质的人多伴脾虚,脾虚不能运化水湿就会生痰,所以有痰湿症的人,健脾有助于化湿,脾气健运,水湿就不容易留存,自然就可以恢复正常了。

People with Constitution of Phlegm-Dampness often have weak spleen. They need to stimulate the overall metabolism of the body, especially the fluid transforming processes which promotes the functions of spleen, lungs, and kidney system. Strengthening the spleen can help dispel dampness and phlegm, then the body will return to normal naturally.


药膳里面有很多健脾的方药,如云苓薏苡仁土茯苓都具有健脾祛湿的功效,也是平时煲汤的好食材。对于痰湿证出现腹部胀满,食欲减退,咳嗽有痰的人,广(四会)陈皮是一个好药,泡开水喝,或者煲汤时加入少许都不错。

There are many spleen-invigorating prescriptions in the medicated diet, such as Tuckahoe (Fu Ling) and Dried Pearl Barley, which have effect of invigorating the spleen and removing dampness. People with fullness of abdomen, loss of appetite, cough with phlegm due to Phlegm-Dampness Constitution, Dried Orange Peel soaked in boiling water for drinking or add in soups are also great choices as medicine.


3. 气虚体质如何进补?Nourishing Constitution of Qi Asthenia


气虚体质会感觉气短,动一下就会觉得很累,比如楼梯爬两、三楼就已经气喘吁吁了。北芪、党参是常用的补气药。阳气虚的,手脚可能也会比较凉,红参比较适宜;气阴虚的,可以买一点西洋参泡开水喝,起到补气养阴生津的作用;气虚夹湿的,用五指毛桃就非常对症。用这一类的药物来炖鸡汤,是益气的佳品了。

People with Qi Asthenia often feel fatigue, shortness of breath, and easily feel tired when they move. Radix Axtragali and Codonopsis Pilosula (Dangshen) are commonly used for qi medicines. Those with deficiency of yang and qi, often have cold limbs, in this case, Red Ginseng is suitable. For those with deficiency of qi and yin, American Ginseng soaked in boiled water as tea can help replenish qi, nourish yin and promote fluid. Using this kind of medicine in stew chicken soup is also a good alternative for replenishing qi.


4. 阳虚如何进补?Nourishing Constitution of Yang Asthenia


阳虚可以采用温阳的办法,我们平时的饮食里面需要偏温一些,像韭菜就是比较温的,韭菜炒蛋容易做又方便。阳虚冬天手脚不温的人可以用当归、生姜煲羊肉汤,温阳行血。当归是有补血行血作用的药材,但它的味道比较重,量不能放太多,一般5到10克。药膳的药味不能太重,不然就把食物的味道给掩盖了,口感会没那么好,这是制作药膳时应该注意的。


With Yang Asthenia, individuals lack heat energy, they will need to strengthen liver and kidney to produce more heat in body. For example, chives are relatively warm, an easy and convenient dish would be scrambled eggs with chives. People who have cold limbs can cook mutton soup using Angelica Sinensis (Dong Quai) and ginger. Angelica Sinensis has the effect of nourishing blood and promoting blood circulation, which can help expel coldness.


5. 阴虚体质如何进补?Nourishing Constitution of Yin Asthenia


阴虚体质很好辨别,比如天气并不热,但你经常觉得手心发热,这是阴虚比较典型的现象。因为阴虚体质会产生内热,此时的药膳可以用滋阴方面的药材,如玉竹麦冬石斛等等。可以经常用玉竹、麦冬泡泡茶,或者做成药膳。熬夜伤阴上炎的人,不妨试试用枸杞加上菊花泡水清肝明目。

It is easy to distinguish Yin Asthenia, key feature of this is warm palms and soles, individuals need to moisten and cool body properly. Constitution of Yin Asthenia causes body to produce internal heat, medicated food such as Polygonatum Odoratum, Radix Ophiopogonis and Dendrobium Nobile can be used to nourish yin. You can also make tea with Dried Goji Berry and Chrysanthemum to nourish liver and improve eyesight.


6. 平和体质如何进补?Nourishing Neutral Constitution


平时大部分的人都是平和体质。平和体质气血比较旺盛,身体也比较强壮,气血、阴阳比较平衡,没有出现什么偏差,所以对于这种体质,平时说的五味不能太过于偏。如果长期饮食不平衡,也可能会把这个体质给调坏了,建议这一类人平时吃东西要比较平和一些,或者能够平衡膳食,保持阴阳平衡。

Most people have Neutral Constitution. Individual with Neutral Constitution have peaceful and normal physique, strong qi and blood, and their body is well function physically and mentally. These types of people are healthiest among other types. However, it is important to note that long-term improper diet may cause physique to be badly adjusted. It is recommended that people with Neutral Constitution to maintain healthy lifestyle such as a widely selected diet, exercise regularly and ensure enough sleep to stay healthy and maintain balance of yin and yang.


7. 特禀体质如何进补?Nourishing Special Constitution


特禀体质是一种专用名词,通俗一点来说就是过敏性体质。比如很多人有过敏性鼻炎,一到空气不好的环境中,有粉尘什么的就会拼命打喷嚏。还有过敏性哮喘、过敏性紫癜,过敏性荨麻疹等等。

Special Constitution is a specific term, it is allergic physique. For example, many people have allergic rhinitis, and when they get into an environment with bad air quality, they will sneeze desperately. There is also allergic asthma, allergic purpura, allergic urticaria and so on.


过敏性体质平时自己要特别注意预防和保养。一般像辛辣的,海鲜类的,发物(韭菜、牛肉、羊肉、鹅肉),带有腥味的的东西,平时要尽量少吃,需要忌一忌口。如果自己吃东西不忌口,很容易诱发荨麻疹。

Allergic physique should maintain a light and balance diet. It is better to cut back or avoid food that are spicy, or food such as: seafood, chives, beef, lamb, goose, and things with fishy smell, this could help avoid inducing hives.


8. 淤血体质如何进补?Nourishing Constitution of Blood Stasis


瘀血体质主要存在气血不通的情况。饮食方面可能要多吃一些活血类的药物比较好,适合药膳的主要有田七山楂煲汤用,或者把它们打成粉,一天吃上1到3克可起到不错的调理作用。

Constitution of Blood Stasis mainly exists due to inefficient blood circulation and may develop blood stagnation in some regions of the body. Individuals need to intake blood-stimulating food, Dried Ranax (Tianqi) and Hawthorn are suitable medicinal diet, cooked in soups or consume powdered. 1 to 3 grams a day can help activate and nourish blood, resolve stasis, and regulate qi.


9. 气郁体质如何进补? Nourishing Constitution of Qi Stagnation


中医声称气郁与肝脏虚弱有关。 在中医中,肝脏调节气的运动并平衡情绪。 当个体承受压力时,它很容易破坏肝脏的调节功能,进而影响体内的气活动。长期气郁会导致血循环不畅,严重影响健康。重要的是要调整自己的心态, 更积极地参加社交活动并定期锻炼身体。可多吃一些选用具有行气解郁功效的中药来改善, 陈皮柴胡。忌吃:辛辣、咖啡、浓茶等刺激品。

Traditional Chinese Medicine claims Qi Stagnation is associated with a weak liver. When an individual is under pressure, it can disturb the liver’s regulatory functions, and it could affect qi activities within the body. Long-term Qi Stagnation can lead to poor blood circulation and seriously affect health. It is important to adjust one’s attitude, be more socially active and exercising regularly. It is also helpful to consume Chinese medicines with the effect of promoting qi and reliving depression such as, Dried Orange Peel with boiling water as tea and Buplerum Radix. Avoid spicy food, coffee and other stimulants teas.







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